Siberian Tiger

(Panthera tigris altaica)


The Siberian tiger or Amur tiger is the largest subspecies and the largest cat in the world.  The Siberian tiger has a thick layer of fat and a very dense fur, paler and with fewer dark stripes compared to other tigers. It has a flexible body and a long tail, which measures about 39 inches in males and about 36 inches in females. The average adult weight was 474 pounds for males and 300 pounds for females. This subspecies is mainly found in eastern Russia.  They inhabit high latitudes in taiga and boreal forests.

The Siberian tiger feeds on several animal species. An individual typically consumes Musk deer, Moose, wild boars, Siberian roe deer, Sika deer, and other species of ungulate animals.  Its striped fur allows it to camouflage with the environment, to sneak up on his prey and attack surprisingly from behind or the side, in a quick jump and delivering a knocking blow or a lethal neck bite.

Unfortunately, the Siberian tiger has faced difficult times, full of threats derived mainly from human activities. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified the Siberian Tiger as Endangered, but in the 1990s it was Critically Endangered. One of its worst times was in the early twentieth century since in the 1930’s the population fell to about 20-30 individuals. A 2005 census estimated a small population of 360 specimens.

Panthera tigris altaica main risks are habitat loss and poaching with the intention to supply the black market with body parts to use for medical purposes. On the other hand, poaching of other animal species reduces food sources, which put them into conflict with humans when they attack domestic livestock.


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